Friday, April 22, 2011

The Snake Hole

I have alot of herp-related posts to share these days.

I figured I'd sneak this one in quickly before some of the meatier herp posts I'll be sharing in the near future.

Anyways, I was out at one of my study sites on Wednesday, setting the drift fence traps and tracking radio-tagged box turtles.  As I followed the signal from one of my turtle's transmitters through a patch of lowland deciduous forest, I noticed a shiny black rope coiled on a bent tree.  Obviously ropes are rarely shiny, they never sit nicely coiled on a tree, and I can't remember the last time I saw one in the it was clear that I had found a nice adult Black Ratsnake (Elaphe obsoleta; or as they have been recently reclassified: the Eastern Ratsnake, Pantherophis alleghaniensis).

Of course, I had forgotten my camera, so I couldn't get a picture.  Yet, I noticed there was a nice hole at the end of the lateral segment of the tree trunk.  A perfect refugia for a ratsnake!
Above: The Snake Hole (note the stream corridor off to the right)

So, yesterday....after checking my drift fences (which yielded little), I meandered back over to the ratsnake tree.  No snake sitting out this time.  Not to be deterred, I maneuvered around to take a peek into the hole.  Instantly, I saw a snake head retract from the opening and retreat deeper into the cavity.

I had my camera this time, and took advantage of the flash to get a few shots.  Although not oustanding pics, they are still sort of neat.

You'll notice the cloudy eyes.  The animal is in, what may be referred to as, the "blue" or "opaque" phase.  These cloudy eyes occur immediately before a snake sheds it's skin.  The old skin that will be removed covers the entire body.  In fact, because snakes have no eyelids, a protective scale even covers the eye. This scale protecting the eye must also be shed with the rest of the skin.  So, as the outter skin layer separates from the new skin beneath, the eyes cloud over for a short time.

Notes on Eastern Ratsnake Ecology:

In this region, ratsnakes are relatively common.  I've even found them in the garden outside of my office building.  They are most often associated with woodlands (which were traditionally dominant here) and sometimes occur along woodland edges associated with surburban, rural and agriculatural disturbance (Palmer and Braswell, 1995).  This species is also an avid climber (Palmer and Braswell, 1995).  Ratsnakes are constrictors (non-venomous) and, as the name suggests, eat lots of small mammals.  Their climbing tendencies also allow them the opportunity to eat birds, their nestlings and their eggs.  Brown (1979) recorded the stomach contents of 39 adult ratsnakes in this region and found that of 51 food items consumed, 59% were small mammals (mostly rodents), and 37% were birds.

For other recent blog posts about ratsnakes, see David Steen's entry: The Latest Rat Snake Freakout.

Literature Cited:

Brown, E.E. 1979. Some snake food records from the Carolinas. Brimleyana 1:113-124.

Palmer, W.M, and A.L. Braswell. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. The University of North Carolina Press (Chapel Hill, NC).


  1. Nice find and thanks for the plug. I can't see the pics..not sure if that's a problem on my end.

  2. Huh....


    Is anyone else having trouble seeing these pics?

    Dave, you were able to see the pics from the salamander post before this one, right?

  3. I did when you first posted it but not now. That leads me to believe my current problems relate to some network restrictions recently put in place here (probably don't like the link to photobucket). Sorry for the false alarm.

  4. Shoot!

    I guess you wont get to see any of my pics anymore :(

    Perhaps I should change to a differen photo host if many are having this problem.

  5. i can see the pictures so it does look like it may be on David's side. Awesome snake shots. Love the ecology section as well!

  6. Excellent! Thanks, Sebastian.

    BTW...your pics on your website are beautiful.

    Love the interview they did with you on Camera Trapping Campus!

  7. Thanks for the nice words Professor!
    Loving all your stories and am looking forward to many more!

  8. Oh, I like these photos! And thanks for the story of how you discovered the snake in the first place, too. I hadn't heard of the blue phase--interesting stuff. Glad I happened by your site!

    Patricia Lichen,

  9. Thanks for stopping by, Patricia!